What Are The Most Common Intellectual Disabilities?

Which type of intellectual disability is the most common?

The most common ones are: Genetic conditions, such as Down syndrome and fragile X syndrome.

Problems during pregnancy that affect the baby’s brain developing, including alcohol or drug use, malnutrition, certain infections, or preeclampsia..

How do you identify an intellectual disability?

Intellectual functioning, or IQ, is usually measured by a test called an IQ test. The average score is 100. People scoring below 70 to 75 are thought to have an intellectual disability. To measure adaptive behavior, professionals look at what a child can do in comparison to other children of his or her age.

Can intellectual disability be cured?

Intellectual disability is not a disease and cannot be cured, however early diagnosis and ongoing interventions can improve adaptive functioning throughout one’s childhood and into adulthood. With ongoing support and interventions, children with intellectual disability can learn to do many things.

At what age can intellectual disability be diagnosed?

Intellectual disability is diagnosed before the age of 18. Most children with intellectual disabilities can learn a great deal and as adults may have partially or even fully independent lives.

What is mild mental retardation?

Definition. Mild mental retardation is defined as significantly subaverage intellectual ability, which ranges between 50–55 and 70, and concurrent delays in adaptive functioning that present prior to the age of 18.

What are examples of intellectual disabilities?

Intellectual Disability (ID) (formerly called mental retardation) is the most common developmental disability–nearly 6.5 million people in the United States have some level of ID….Examples of associated disabilities:Cerebral palsy.Epilepsy.Vision impairment.Hearing loss.Speech and language problems.

What are the four levels of intellectual disability?

There are four levels of ID:mild.moderate.severe.profound.

How common are intellectual disabilities?

Intellectual disability affects about one percent of the population, and of those about 85 percent have mild intellectual disability. Males are more likely than females to be diagnosed with intellectual disability.

How do you classify intellectual disability?

Intellectual disability is defined as significant limitations in cognitive and adaptive functioning. The severity is classified as mild, moderate, severe, and profound, based on various measures of functioning and clinical judgment. Mild intellectual disability is primarily due to environmental risk factors.

What are the signs of intellectual disability in adults?

Such challenges may include the following:Memory problems.Attention problems.Difficulties interacting socially.Impaired self-esteem or lowered sense of self-worth.Difficulties finding and maintain employment as adults.Being unable to live on one’s own due to required assistance and supervision.More items…

What is the IQ of a mild intellectual disability?

Persons with a mild intellectual disability (MID; intelligence quotient (IQ) range 50–69) or borderline intellectual functioning (BIF; IQ range 70–85) are vulnerable for problems in different domains.