Question: What Is An Example Of An Intellectual Disability?

How do you assess intellectual disability?

A thorough assessment usually includes the following:comprehensive medical exam;possible genetic and neurological testing;social and familial history;educational history;psychological testing to assess intellectual functioning;testing of adaptive functioning;interviews with primary caregivers;More items….

What is borderline intellectual disability?

Borderline intellectual functioning, also called borderline mental retardation (in the ICD-8), is a categorization of intelligence wherein a person has below average cognitive ability (generally an IQ of 70–85), but the deficit is not as severe as intellectual disability (below 70).

How can you help someone with intellectual disability?

Speak in clear, short sentences and use simple words. Pause to enable the person to process what you are saying. Avoid long, complex sentences, technical words or jargon. Ask one question at a time and provide adequate time for the person to process the question and then formulate and communicate their response.

Can intellectual disability improve?

Treatment. Intellectual disability is a life-long condition. However, early and ongoing intervention may improve functioning and enable the person to thrive throughout their lifetime. It may also be influenced by underlying medical or genetic conditions and co-occurring conditions.

What are the three leading causes of intellectual disabilities?

The three major known causes of intellectual disability are Down syndrome, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) and Fragile X syndrome.

What are the signs of intellectual disability in adults?

Such challenges may include the following:Memory problems.Attention problems.Difficulties interacting socially.Impaired self-esteem or lowered sense of self-worth.Difficulties finding and maintain employment as adults.Being unable to live on one’s own due to required assistance and supervision.More items…

What is the difference between intellectual and developmental disability?

“Developmental Disabilities” is an umbrella term that includes intellectual disability but also includes other disabilities that are apparent during childhood. … Intellectual disability encompasses the “cognitive” part of this definition, that is, a disability that is broadly related to thought processes.

What is considered an intellectual disability?

Intellectual disability (ID), once called mental retardation, is characterized by below-average intelligence or mental ability and a lack of skills necessary for day-to-day living. People with intellectual disabilities can and do learn new skills, but they learn them more slowly.

What are the most common intellectual disabilities?

Some of the most common known causes of intellectual disability include fetal alcohol syndrome; genetic and chromosomal conditions, such as Down syndrome and fragile X syndrome; and certain infections during pregnancy. Children who have a sibling with autism are at a higher risk of also having autism spectrum disorder.

What are the four levels of intellectual disability?

There are four levels of ID:mild.moderate.severe.profound.

How does an intellectual disability affect a person?

Intellectual disability (or ID) is a term used when a person has certain limitations in cognitive functioning and skills, including communication, social and self-care skills. These limitations can cause a child to develop and learn more slowly or differently than a typically developing child.

Is Autism considered an intellectual disability?

About 1% of the general population is thought to have intellectual disability, and about 10% of individuals with intellectual disability have Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or autistic traits. However, a much higher percentage of individuals with ASD have intellectual disability3.

Can mental retardation be reversed?

“The same mutation in animals produces learning disorders, which we were able to eliminate in adult mice. Our work and other recent studies suggest that some forms of mental retardation can be reversed, even in the adult brain.”

Does intellectual disability run in families?

Each time we have a child, we randomly pass on one copy of each gene. Therefore, each child born to a parent with dominant form of ID has a 50:50 chance of inheriting the dominant gene and thus, having an intellectual disability.

What are examples of intellectual disabilities?

Intellectual Disability (ID) (formerly called mental retardation) is the most common developmental disability–nearly 6.5 million people in the United States have some level of ID….Examples of associated disabilities:Cerebral palsy.Epilepsy.Vision impairment.Hearing loss.Speech and language problems.

What is the difference between intellectual disability and learning disability?

An intellectual disability describes below-average IQ and a lack of skills needed for daily living. This condition used to be called “mental retardation.” A learning disability refers to weaknesses in certain academic skills. Reading, writing and math are the main ones.

What is a severe intellectual disability?

Severe Intellectual Disability Severe ID manifests as major delays in development, and individuals often have the ability to understand speech but otherwise have limited communication skills (Sattler, 2002).